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Arts & Crafts of Rajasthan


Rajasthan is a treasure house of arts and crafts. The creative senses and artistic skills inspired by the royal patronage has made the land renowned all over the world.

Terracotta

It is an old age craft of the State, Alwar produces paper thin Kagzi pottery, while white and red clay articles with geometric designs are made in Polaran. Bikaner excels in painted pottery, the terracotta wall plaques with Lord Ganesha or folk heroes come from Mulela.

Blue Pottery

This exotic pottery was imported from Persia, and the art was mastered and excelled in Jaipur, under the patronage of Maharaja Ram Singh.

Stone

Statue making and stone carving is prevalent all over the state. In Jaipur statues and various other items are carved out of white marble.

Metalware

It comprises of exquisite brass work, enameled, engraved and filigree cut work on silver. Jaipur is famous for the engraved and enameled brassware. The traditional silver articles like ‘handas’ or water container, spice bottles, baskets and trays are very popular. The white metal artefacts have also been inportabt export item. The ‘Badlas’ or water carriers made of zinc and copper from Jodhpur have always caught the fancy of visitors. The koftagari or damascening work is mostly practiced in Alwar and Jaipur.

Jewellery

Rajasthan is rich in jewellery and every region of the State has its own unique style. Some traditional designs are rakhri, timaniyan, bal, bajuband, gajra, gokhru, jod etc. Exquisite ornaments are made in Jaipur and Jodhpur, using emerald, diamond, pearl, garnet, agate and lapis lazuli. The exclusive kundan jewellery is well known for its design snd workmanship. The meenakari is an art of enameling on gold and silver. It is practiced in Jaipur, Nathdwara and Pratapgarh.

Ivory

The ivory bangles are considered to be auspicious. Intricate items of great beauty are made from ivory. Miniature paintings were also made on ivory.

Lac & Glass

Bright coloured lac bangles, sometimes inlaid with glass are guite popular. Beautiful decorative pieces are also made in lac.

Sandalwood & Wood

The State also excels in carved wooden items. The furniture with ’Barmeri’ wood carving is very popular these days.

Leather ware

The mojari’s or juti’s are the popular footwear of the State. Many other items fromcamel hide are made like lamp shades, purses etc.

Toys & Dolls

The toys are made in Bassi are inspired by local legends. Wooden toys made in Udaipur are also very popular.

Floor Coverings

Exquisite carpets are a popular export item. The namdas or woolen felts stand out for their simplicity design, the main production centre is at Tonk. The hand-woven cotton durries also called ‘Panja’ Durries are known for their geometric patterns and beautiful colours.

Textiles

The Rajasthani textiles come in a range of hand block prints, tie and dye and embroidered fabrics. The Kota Doria saris are known for their super light weight and prints. Sanganer and Bagru towns are known for their hand block prints. Barmer for the Ajrak prints. Nathdware excels in wraps, quilt covers etc. The art of tie and dye or ‘bandhani’ is world renowned for its great artistic style, intricate designs and patterns. The best bandhani work comes from Jodhpur and Sikar.

Paintings

Several schools of paintings flourished in the State, the fascinating miniature paintings were well known all over the world. The miniature paintings in Rajasthan were being made since early 16th century under the royal patronage. Families engaged in miniature paintings, live in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Nathdwara and Kishangarh and continue to paint fine works. The frescoes and murals in Bikaner. Udaipur and Bundi are classical work of art. The Shekawati region is world renowned for its frescoes and the region has earned the epitaph of ‘Open Air Art Gallery’

The Phad paintings are the long scrolls depicting the life of folk heroes like Pabuji. Phads are considered sacrosanct and are sung by the bhopas-the balladeers. The Pichwais are cloth paintings hung in the temples. They depict the various moods of Lord Krishna, Today they are painted in Udaipur and Nathdwara.

Folk Music & Dances

Dancing, singing, drama, devotional music, puppet shows and other community festivities are a way of life in Rajasthan. The folk musical instruments are quite simple but unusual, they enchant the audience to the hilt when played by professionals. The singing communities like Mirasis, Dhadhis, Langas, Manganiyars, Kalbelias (snake charmers), Jogis, Sargadas, Kamadas, Nayaks or Thoris and the Bhawaris are today known world over. Some of the better known forms of entertainment are:

Ghoomer Dance

A community dance performed on auspicious occasions. It is a very simple dance where ladies move gracefully in circles.

Gair Ghoomer

This dance form of Bhil tribals is performed on the occasion of Hilo festival. Women as well as men participate in it.

Gair

It is performed only by men during holi time. This is called as Dandia Gair in Jodhpur and Geendad in Shekhwati.

Chari or Pot Dance

This interesting dance form is popular in Kishangarh region. It is done with a pot and a lightened lamp placed on the hand of the dancer.

Kacchi Ghodi

Men in beautiful costumes ride colourfully decorated dummy horses with naked swords in their hands, swinging to the rhythmic beats of drums and fifes. A singer narrates the exploits of the Bavaria bandits of Shekhawati.

Fire Dance

The Jasnathis of Bikaner and Churu jump on the fire to the accompaniment of drum beats. The music gradually increases in tempo.

Drum Dance

It is a professional dance form of Jalor. Five men with huge drums around their necks accompany the dancer with twirling three painted sticks.

Teerah Tali

This dance is in homour of Bava Ramdeo and is performed by the Kamad community of Pokran and Didwana.

Kathputli

Street side performance by skilled puppeteers is a common sight. These plays are based on folk legends.

Pabuji ke Phad

These are sung and enacted by the Bhopa community highlighting the life and deeds of the 14th century folk hero, Pabuji.

Maand

It is the most sophisticated style of folk music in the State. Maand was only sung in the royal courts in praise of the Rajputs rulers.

Wildlife of Rajasthan

Sariska

37 kms. From Alwar, on the Delhi- Alwar-Jaipur road, nestled in the quaint surroundings of Aravalli’s. This thickly wooded part throbs with life and is a marvel of ecological adaptation and endurance. It is not only a delight for wildlife lovers but also for the followers of art and archaeology.

The Sariska Tiger Reserve, has a rich and varied animal population, the key fauna is tiger, leopards, hyena, jungle cat, sambar, chital, nilgai, chausingha, jackal, wild boars, wild dogs, langurs and rhesus monkeys. Birds include parakeet, grey partridge, crested serpent eagle, babbles and bulbuls.

The sanctuary houses ruined temples, a fort, pavilions and palace. The interesting spots are the sacred shrines of Buddha Hanuman and old temple of Nilkanth Mahadev, the Pandu Pol. There are about 300 Hindu and Jain temples. The Sariska Palace, built as a royal hunting lodge is a magnificent piece of architecture.

Bharatpur

The Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan is well connected with three most important tourist destinations of India, namely Delhi (176 kms), Agra (55kms) and Jaipur (176 kms). Better known for the Keoladeo National Park, a unique bird place recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It also holds an important place in the Indian history. The Jats have dominated the region from 17th century and Suraj Mal was the greatest ruler, who made them a formidable force.

Keoladeo National Park

A paradise for avian world, houses more than 375 species of beautiful birds. The kingfishers, pelicans, Siberian cranes, open billed storks, painted bill storks, egret, ibis, cormorant, darter or snake bird, spoonbill, grey heron are some of the exotic species observed. Not to forget are the trans-continental fliers – the migratory water fowls. Plenty of ducks species also show their presence and predatory birds attracted towards the park complete the avian food chain of the ecosystem.

Ranthambhor

A small village near Sawai Madhopur (10 kms) gets the name from the two hills, Ran and Thambhor which are in close proximity. The age old massive fort is built on the Thambhor hill and is considered to be one of the oldest forts in the state. The massive ramparts and the mighty gates of the fort have faced many attacks valiantly. The chivairy of King Hammir is still remembered who faced Allauddin Khilji gallantly against all odds. The fort houses many palaces, most of which are in ruins.

Badal Mahal (Palace of the clouds)

In the fort has a very interesting location and seems as if hanging out in space. The famous 84 columned chhatri of king Hammir stands out magnificently where he used to held audience and entertained. The most interesting and famous place in the fort is the temple of Lord Ganesh Chaturthi. This sacred shrine receives a big mail consisting mainly wedding invitations for Lord Ganesha from all parts of the country.

Ranthambhor National Park

A tiger’s haven and one of the most popular destinations on the wildlife circuits in India. Besides tiger, one encounters other members of animal kingdom as well, like – chital, sambar, nilgai, chinkara, leopard, hyena, jackal, fox, caracal, sloth bear, jungle cat etc. More than three hundred varieties of birds can be seen here.

Fair and Festivals of Rajasthan

Fair and Festivals of Rajasthan

Fair and Festivals of Rajasthan

Fair and Festivals of Rajasthan